1. William Oliver Stone is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
2. Stone came to public prominence between the mid-1980s and the early 1990s for writing and directing a series of films about the Vietnam War, in which he had participated as an infantry soldier.
3. Stone was born in New York City, the son of Jacqueline , a stockbroker. He grew up in Manhattan and Stamford, Connecticut.
4. His parents met during World War II when his father was fighting as a part of the allied troops in France. Stone attended Trinity School in New York City before his parents sent him away to The Hill School, a college-preparatory school in Pottstown, Pennsylvania.
5. His parents were divorced abruptly while he was away at school and this, because he was an only child, marked him deeply.
6. Stone also worked at 17 in the Paris mercantile exchange in sugar and cocoa — a job that proved inspirational to Stone for his film Wall Street.
7. Stone was admitted into Yale University, but left in June 1965 at age 18 Afterwards, he worked as a wiper on a United States Merchant Marine ship in 1966, traveling to Oregon.
8. He returned to Yale, where he dropped out a second time .
9. In April 1967, Stone enlisted in the United States Army and requested combat duty in Vietnam.
10. Stone graduated from New York University with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in film in 1971, where his teachers included director Martin Scorsese Stone made a short, well received 12-minute film Last Year in Viet Nam.
11. In 1979, Stone won his first Academy Award, after adapting true-life prison story Midnight Express into a hit film for British director Alan Parker .
12. The original author, Billy Hayes, around whom the film is set, spoke out against the film, protesting that he had many Turkish friends while in jail.