1. Green Day is an American punk rock band formed in 1986 by vocalist/guitarist Billie Joe Armstrong and bassist Mike Dirnt.
2. For much of their career, the band has been a trio with drummer Tr Cool, who replaced former drummer John Kiffmeyer in 1990 prior to the recording of the band’s second studio album, Kerplunk (1992).
3. In 2012, guitarist Jason White became a full-time member after having performed with the band as a session and touring member since 1999.
4. Green Day was originally part of the punk scene at the DIY 924 Gilman Street club in Berkeley, California.
5. The band’s early releases were with the independent record label Lookout!
6. In 1994, its major label debut Dookie (released through Reprise Records) became a breakout success and eventually shipped over 10 million copies in the U.S.
7. Green Day has sold more than 75 million records worldwide. The group has won five Grammy Awards: Best Alternative Album for Dookie, Best Rock Album for American Idiot, Record of the Year for “Boulevard of Broken Dreams”, Best Rock Album for the second time for 21st Century Breakdown and Best Musical Show Album for American Idiot: The Original Broadway Cast Recording.
8. The musical was nominated for three Tony Awards: Best Musical, Best Scenic Design and Best Lighting Design, losing only the first.
9. 91 in the VH1 list of the “100 Greatest Artists of All Time”.
10. Records, saw the band play an early show and signed the group to his label.
11. Before 1,000 Hours was released, the group dropped the name Sweet Children; according to Livermore, this was done to avoid confusion with another local band Sweet Baby.
12. Green Day recorded two extended plays later that year, Slappy and Sweet Children, the latter of which included older songs that the band had recorded for the Minneapolis independent record label Skene!
13. Records re-released 39/Smooth under the name 1,039/Smoothed Out Slappy Hours, and added the songs from the band’s first two EPs, Slappy, and 1,000 Hours.
14. In late 1990, shortly after the band’s first nationwide tour, Kiffmeyer left the East Bay area to attend Humboldt State University in Arcata, California. The band went on tour for most of 1992 and 1993, and played a number of shows overseas in Europe.
15. The band’s second studio album Kerplunk sold 50,000 copies in the U.S.
16. Kerplunk’s underground success led to a number of major record labels being interested in signing Green Day, and the band eventually left Lookout! and signed to Reprise Records after attracting the attention of producer Rob Cavallo.
17. The group was impressed by his work with fellow Californian band The Muffs, and later remarked that Cavallo “was the only person we could really talk to and connect with”. Reflecting on the period, Armstrong told Spin magazine in 1999, “I couldn’t go back to the punk scene, whether we were the biggest success in the world or the biggest failure …
18. The only thing I could do was get on my bike and go forward.” After signing with Reprise, the band went to work on recording its major label debut, Dookie.