1. Pink is a pale red color, which takes its name from the flower of the same name. According to surveys in Europe and the United States, pink is the color most often associated with love, beauty, charm, politeness, sensitivity, tenderness, sweetness, childhood, femininity, and the romantic.
2. When combined with violet or black, it is associated with eroticism and seduction.
3. Pink was first used as a color name in the late 17th century.
4. The color pink takes its name from the flowers called pinks, members of the genus Dianthus.
5. In most European languages, pink is called rose or rosa, after the rose flower.
6. The Japanese language has different words for the pink of cherry blossoms (sakura-iro), and peach blossoms (momo-iro).
7. Pink is sometimes associated with extravagance and a wish to be noticed.
8. The color pink is named after the flowers called pinks, flowering plants in the genus Dianthus.
9. The name derives from the frilled edge of the flowers the verb “to pink” dates from the 14th century and means “to decorate with a perforated or punched pattern” (possibly from German pinken, “to peck”). While the word “pink” was first used as a noun to refer to a color in the 17th century, the verb “pink” continues to be reflected today in the name of those hand-held scissors that cut a zig-zagged line referred to as pinking shears.
10. The color pink has been described in literature since ancient times.
11. In the Odyssey, written in approximately 800 BCE, Homer wrote “Then, when the child of morning, rosy-fingered dawn appeared…” Roman poets also described the color.
12. Lucretius used the word to describe the dawn in his epic poem On the Nature of Things (De rerum natura).
13. Pink was not a common color in the fashion of the Middle Ages; nobles usually preferred brighter reds, such as crimson.
14. However, it did appear in women’s fashion, and in religious art.
15. In the 13th and 14th century, in works by Cimabue and Duccio, the Christ child was sometimes portrayed dressed in pink, the color associated with the body of Christ.
16. In the high Renaissance painting the Madonna of the Pinks by Raphael, the Christ child is presenting a pink flower to the Virgin Mary.
17. The pink was a symbol of marriage, showing a spiritual marriage between the mother and child.
18. The pigment commonly used for this was called light cinabrese; it was a mixture of the red earth pigment called sinopia, or Venetian red, and a white pigment called Bianco San Genovese, or lime white.
19. In his famous 15th century manual on painting, Il Libro Dell’Arte, Cennino Cennini described it this way: “This pigment is made from the loveliest and lightest sinopia that is found and is mixed and mulled with St. John s white, as it is called in Florence; and this white is made from thoroughly white and thoroughly purified lime.