1. She has been nominated for 13 Emmy Awards for her work in television, and is one of the few entertainers who has won an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony Award.
2. She was the second black woman in the history of the Academy Awards to win an acting Oscar.
3. Her breakthrough role was playing Celie, a mistreated black woman in the Deep South in the period drama film The Color Purple , for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
4. Goldberg played Oda Mae Brown, an eccentric psychic helping a slain man , for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
5. She was co-producer of the television game show Hollywood Squares from 1998 to 2002.
6. She has been the moderator of the daytime television talk show The View since 2007.
7. Goldberg has described her mother as a “stern, strong, and wise woman” who raised her as a single mother with her brother Clyde .
8. Her recent forebears migrated north from Faceville, Georgia, Palatka, Florida, and Virginia.
9. Between the years of 1979 and 1981, she lived in East Germany, working in a number of theater productions.
10. During her travels, she would smuggle various items into the country for the artists she stayed with.
11. Goldberg created The Spook Show, a one-woman show composed of different character monologues, in 1983.
12. The show, retitled Whoopi Goldberg for its Broadway incarnation, ran from October 24, 1984 to March 10, 1985, for a total of 156 performances; the play was taped during this run and subsequently broadcast by HBO as Whoopi Goldberg: Direct from Broadway in 1985.