1. Judy Garland , born Frances Ethel Gumm, was an American singer, actress, and vaudevillian.
2. She was renowned for her contralto vocals Respected for her versatility, she received a Juvenile Academy Award and won a Golden Globe Award as well as a Special Tony Award.
3. She was the first woman to win a Grammy for Album of the Year.
4. Garland was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in the remake of A Star Is Born and for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in the 1961 film Judgment at Nuremberg.
5. After appearing in vaudeville with her two older sisters, Garland was signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a teenager.
6. After 15 years, she was released from the studio and then gained new success through record-breaking concert appearances, including a return to acting, beginning with critically acclaimed performances.
7. Despite her professional triumphs, Garland struggled immensely in her personal life, starting when she was a child.
8. Her self-image was strongly influenced by film executives, who said she was unattractive and constantly manipulated her onscreen physical appearance. She was plagued by financial instability, often owing hundreds of thousands of dollars in back taxes.
9. She also had a long battle with drugs and alcohol, which ultimately led to her death from a barbiturate overdose at the age of 47.
10. Several of her recordings have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.
11. In 1999, the American Film Institute placed her among the ten greatest female stars of classic American cinema.
12. Born Frances Ethel Gumm in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, on June 10, 1922, Garland was the youngest child of Ethel Marion .
13. Her parents were vaudevillians who settled in Grand Rapids to run a movie theatre that featured vaudeville acts.
14. Following rumors that Frank Gumm had made sexual advances towards male ushers, the family relocated to Lancaster, California, in June 1926. Frank purchased and operated another theater in Lancaster, and Ethel, acting as their manager, began working to get her daughters into motion pictures.