1. Grace Patricia Kelly was an American actress who, after marrying Prince Rainier III, became Princess of Monaco.
2. After embarking on an acting career in 1950, at the age of 20, Kelly appeared in New York City theatrical productions and more than 40 episodes of live drama productions broadcast during the early 1950s Golden Age of Television.
3. In October 1953, she gained stardom from her performance in the film Mogambo.
4. It won her a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award nomination in 1954.
5. She had leading roles in five films, including The Country Girl, for which her deglamorized performance earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress. Other films include High Noon with Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby.
6. Kelly retired from acting at the age of 26 to marry Rainier and began her duties as Princess of Monaco.
7. She retained her American roots, maintaining dual U.S. and Monégasque citizenship. She died on September 14, 1982, a day after suffering a stroke while driving, causing her to crash.
8. Kelly was born on November 12, 1929 in Philadelphia, to an affluent family.
9. Her paternal grandparents were Irish and her maternal grandparents were German. Her father, John B. Kelly, Sr., won three Olympic gold medals for sculling.
10. He later founded a brickwork contracting company that became well known on the East Coast.
11. In later years, he served on the Fairmount Park Commission and, during World War II, was appointed by President Roosevelt as National Director of Physical Fitness.
12. Her mother, Margaret Katherine Majer, taught physical education at the University of Pennsylvania.
13. They were raised Catholic. Margaret, more commonly known as Peggy, lived to be 66.
14. During the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, he won a bronze medal, which he gave to Grace as a late wedding gift.
15. In addition to his rowing career, he also served as a city councillor.