1. Edward Montgomery “Monty” Clift was an American film and stage actor.
2. Clift received four Academy Award nominations during his career, three for Best Actor and one for Best Supporting Actor.
3. Along with Marlon Brando and James Dean, Clift was one of the original method actors in Hollywood; he was one of the first actors to be invited to study in the Actors Studio with Lee Strasberg, Michael Chekhov and Stella Adler.
4. He also executed a rare move by not signing a contract after arriving in Hollywood, only doing so after his first two films were a success—”a power differential that would go on to structure the star-studio relationship for the next 40 years.”
5. They had married in 1914. Clift had English, as well as Dutch and Irish ancestry.
6. She spent the rest of her life trying to gain the recognition of her alleged relations.
7. Part of her effort was her determination that her children should be brought up in the style of true aristocrats.
8. Thus, as long as Bill Clift was able to pay for it, Brooks, Ethel and Montgomery were privately tutored, travelling extensively in America and Europe and becoming fluent in German and French, kept apart from people whom Sunny thought “common”.
9. The Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression of the 1930s ruined Bill Clift financially.
10. Instead he took to stage acting, beginning in a summer production which led, by 1935, to his debut on Broadway.
11. In the next ten years he built a successful stage career working with, among others, Dame May Whitty, Alla Nazimova, Cornelia Otis Skinner, Frederic March, Tallulah Bankhead, Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne.
12. He appeared in plays written by Moss Hart, Robert Sherwood, Lillian Hellman, Tennessee Williams and Thornton Wilder, creating the part of Henry in the original production of The Skin of Our Teeth .
13. He resided in Jackson Heights, Queens, until he got his break on Broadway.
14. Appearing on Broadway at the age of 15, Clift achieved success and performed on stage for 10 years before moving to Hollywood.
15. At 20, he played the son in the Broadway production of There Shall Be No Night, which won the 1941 Pulitzer Prize for drama, and starred Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne.