1. Robert Nesta “Bob” Marley, OM (6 February 1945 11 May 1981) was a Jamaican reggae singer, songwriter, musician, and guitarist who achieved international fame and acclaim. Starting out in 1963 with the group The Wailers, he forged a distinctive songwriting and vocal style that would later resonate with audiences worldwide.
2. The Wailers would go on to release some of the earliest reggae records with producer Lee Scratch Perry.
3. After the Wailers disbanded in 1974, Exodus stayed on the British album charts for fifty-six consecutive weeks.
4. It included four UK hit singles: “Exodus”, “Waiting in Vain”, “Jamming”, and “One Love”.
5. In 1978 he released the album Kaya, which included the hit singles “Is This Love” and “Satisfy My Soul”.
6. Diagnosed with a type of malignant melanoma in 1977, Marley died on 11 May 1981 in Miami at the age of 36.
7. He was a committed Rastafari who infused his music with a sense of spirituality. He is considered one of the most influential musicians of all time and credited with popularizing reggae music around the world, as well as serving as a symbol of Jamaican culture and identity.
8. Marley has also evolved into a global symbol, which has been endlessly merchandised through a variety of mediums.
9. Bob Marley attended Stepney Primary and Junior High School which serves the catchment area of Saint Ann.
10. Marley and Neville Livingston (later known as Bunny Wailer) had been childhood friends in Nine Mile.
11. They had started to play music together while at Stepney Primary and Junior High School. Marley left Nine Mile with his mother when he was 12 and moved to Trenchtown, Kingston.
12. Cedella Booker and Thadeus Livingston (Bunny Wailer’s father) had a daughter together whom they named Pearl, who was a younger sister to both Bob and Bunny.
13. Now that Marley and Livingston were living together in the same house in Trenchtown, their musical explorations deepened to include the latest R&B from American radio stations whose broadcasts reached Jamaica, and the new Ska music. The move to Trenchtown was proving to be fortuitous, and Marley soon found himself in a vocal group with Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, Beverley Kelso and Junior Braithwaite.
14. Joe Higgs, who was part of the successful vocal act Higgs and Wilson, resided on 3rd St., and his singing partner Roy Wilson had been raised by the grandmother of Junior Braithwaite.
15. Higgs and Wilson would rehearse at the back of the houses between 2nd and 3rd Streets, and it wasn’t long before Marley (now residing on 2nd St), Junior Braithwaite and the others were congregating around this successful duo. Marley and the others didn’t play any instruments at this time, and were more interested in being a vocal harmony group.
16. Higgs was glad to help them develop their vocal harmonies, although more importantly, he had started to teach Marley how to play guitar thereby creating the bedrock that would later allow Marley to construct some of the biggest-selling reggae songs in the history of the genre.