1. Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, DBE was a British-American actress, businesswoman and humanitarian.
2. She began as a child actress in the early 1940s, and was one of the most popular stars of classical Hollywood cinema in the 1950s.
3. She continued her career successfully into the 1960s, and remained a well-known public figure for the rest of her life.
4. The American Film Institute named her the seventh greatest female screen legend in 1999.
5. Born in London to American parents, Taylor and her family moved from England to Los Angeles in 1939.
6. She was noted for her beauty already as a child, and was given a film contract by Universal Pictures in 1941.
7. She made the transition to adult roles in the early 1950s, when she starred in the comedy Father of the Bride .
8. She began receiving better roles in the mid-1950s, beginning with the epic drama Giant , and starred in several critically and commercially successful films in the following years.
9. These included two film adaptations of plays by Tennessee Williams, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof ; Taylor won a Golden Globe for Best Actress for the latter.
10. Although she disliked her role in BUtterfield 8 , her last film for MGM, she won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance.
11. Taylor was next paid a record-breaking $1 million to play the title role in the historical epic Cleopatra , which was the most expensive film made up to that point.
12. During the filming, Taylor began an extramarital affair with co-star Richard Burton, which caused a scandal.
13. Despite public disapproval, she and Burton continued their relationship and were married in 1964.
14. Dubbed “Liz and Dick” by the media, they starred in eleven films together, including The V.I.P.s .
15. Taylor received the best reviews of her career for Woolf, winning her second Academy Award and several other awards for her performance.
16. In the 1980s, she acted in her first substantial stage roles and in several television films and series, and became the first celebrity to launch a perfume brand.
17. Taylor was also one of the first celebrities to take part in HIV/AIDS activism.
18. She co-founded the American Foundation for AIDS Research in 1985 and The Elizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation in 1991.
19. From the early 1990s until her death, she dedicated her time to philanthropy.
20. She received several accolades for it, including the Presidential Citizens Medal.
21. She was married eight times to seven men, endured serious illnesses, and led a jet set lifestyle, including collecting one of the most expensive private collections of jewelry.